June 2015


As recognised in the 1951 Geneva Convention on the protection of refugees, the EU, through implementing policies and legislations, supports the idea that Asylum is a fundamental right and that granting it is an international obligation.

EDC News: Common European Asylum Policy

Since 1999, the EU has been working towards creating a Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and to improve the current legislative framework for asylum seekers. Initially the CEAS’s objective was to harmonise Member States' legal frameworks on the basis of common minimum standards ensuring fairness, efficiency, and transparency. EU Member States have a shared responsibility to welcome asylum seekers in a dignified manner, ensuring they are treated fairly and that their case is examined to uniform standards so that, no matter where an applicant applies, the outcome will be similar. In addition to harmonising legislation it was necessary to strengthen financial solidarity, which was achieved through the creation of the European Refugee Fund (2008-2013); replaced by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) for the period 2014-20.

Key Directives and Regulations:

For more information: